Treatment of dental pulp is carried out with the methods of endodontics. It is part of dentistry that involves the so-called "root canal treatment" or treating teeth root canals in.

The dental pulp is inside of the tooth and is comprised of nerves, blood and lymph vessels. When this tissue is inflamed, the disease is called "pulpitis" and is often associated with severe pain. Different reasons for this condition can be advanced dental caries, toxicity of the obturation materials, errors in technique when preparing and placing the obturation (dental sealant) and traumatism.

The aim of endodontic treatment is the removal of all inflamed pulp tissue ("removal" of nerve), mechanically (with tools) and chemically (with medicines) cleaning of the canal system of the tooth, filling and sealing of the clean and dry canal throughout its whole length. That way the environment for development and life of microorganisms in the canal and respectively the risk of losing teeth due to infection are minimized. Incorrectly and poorly healed teeth are at risk for future complications, periodontitis, granuloma and cyst. In these patients, most frequently there are no symptoms for a long period of time, but if left untreated, they increase in size and worsen the prognosis of both the tooth and the surrounding bone. Such processes are harmful not only locally. They can damage the entire organism. Endodontic treatment includes not only the treatment of the damaged and inflamed dental pulp, but also so-called "retreatment" of root canals. It has significantly higher risk and is more difficult compared to the conventional treatment of pulpitis as it involves removing of the old canal filling, cleaning the root canal along with its root to tip and subsequent filling. Unfortunately all of the above is not always successful, the reason for that may be the type of the previous filling, the anatomy of the dental root, mistakes during the previous treatment of the canal and more. Nevertheless, these risks are borne both by the treating dentist and the patient, because the ultimate goal satisfies both sides: dental health, function and aesthetics of the dentition for the longest possible time.